SFTS Virus and threats of New pandemic The Pandemic Legacy

In the middle of the Covid-19 outbreak, a new virus is spreading in China, and it is attacking China deadly, and experts are alarming the world to be alert. The pandemic is still infecting people in many or all countries. Everyone is hoping for vaccines to cure, but pessimistically, a new transmissible disease caused by a tick-borne virus has come to terrify the world. It has killed almost seven and approximately infected 60 other people. Experts are also alarming the possibility of human-to-human transmission. According to a media report, about 37 people in China Jiangsu Province and later on 23 more people were reported positive in East China Anhui Province. The disease is spreading rapidly, and it has a high rate of fatality.

History

SFTS, Severe Fever with thrombocytopenia Syndrome, is a novel Phlebovirus in the Bunyaviridae family that was first certified in 2009 in China. From 2009 to 2014, more than 3500 cases were reported, in China, with an average fatality rate of 10%. The fatality rate was varied with region and followings years. The first that appears was in Japan in the year 2005. In China, most of the cases reported were in farmers, and most of them were living in the hilly and wooden region for planting. 

Later on, it was also reported that infectious disease is increasing drastically in Japan, Vietnam, and Korea. Over time, the number of SFTS cases increased rapidly. In the beginning, the fatality rate was 30%, but later on, it was decreased to around 10-16%, according to China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention (CISDCP). The outbreak of SFTS has revived the memories of SARS that killed around thousand in the early stages. A delegate of the World Health Organization said that there are no vaccines or any specific treatment for SFTS. 

Causes 

Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus (SFTSV) is a tick-borne virus. According to doctors, tick-bite is the premium cause of the SFTS virus. It can be transmitted to humans by Haemaphysalis longicornis, a member of the Bunyaviridae family. It has a wide variety of hosts, including birds, livestock, wild and domestic animals. Sometimes, animals infected with the SFTS virus don’t have clinical symptoms. They only act as a reservoir for the virus. Others may act as vectors for the SFTS virus. The infected person can pass the virus to a healthy one via blood and mucus. Breeding domestic animals are considered to be a significant career of SFTS. 

Symptoms

SFTS shows different symptoms from mild to multi-organ failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and death. The maturation period of SFTS is 5-15 days. The basic clinical symptoms of SFTS are high fever, leukocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, and gastrointestinal disorders. Other symptoms are fever, coughing, and a decrease in blood platelets. The symptoms are divided into three stages: The fever stage, multi-organ dysfunctional stage, and convalescent stage.

First Stage:

In the first stage, patients have a high fever and also experience headache, myalgia, anorexia vomiting, fatigue, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. It is also followed by an acute temperature.

Second Stage:

 It is then followed by the second stage that is multi-organ dysfunction. In this stage, liver, and muscle enzymes become elevated, proteinuria and hemorrhage appear. Also, multi-organ failure and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) appear in severe SFTS.

Third Stage:

The patient then enters into the third stage where all the clinical signs and symptoms slowly and gradually come to normal. Most of the SFTS patient’s temperature exceeds 38°C and this lasts for around 8-10 days. Some patients also have a fever for 2 weeks. Approximately, 70% of patients have high fever than 39°C. Also, minor pathological lesions were observed in the kidney and liver during the late stages of the fever. Coma usually occurs in the last stage of the disease.

Treatment

There is no such treatment yet available for SFTS viral disease, but it can be prevented. It can be caused by human-to-human transmission via mucus and blood. There are no vaccines yet available, as like Covid-19. For treatment, you can take all the measures that are used to treat Covid-19 patients. You have to isolate the patient for 2-3 weeks. The patient will also require oxygen and a nebulizer because it damages the lungs, and the patient has difficulty in respiration. Moreover, taking steam 2-3 times a day is the best treatment of SFTS and also Covid-19 disease. Mask should be used 24/7 so should you can protect yourself and also the people around you to prevent further transmission. 

Conclusion

In conclusion, it would not be wrong to say that as the world is making progress in the field of technology, it is also bringing old, new, and updated viruses. Just like SFTS that first came in 2009 and again in 2020 and onward. Similarly: Covid-19, a new pandemic. Conspiracy says that 5G is the cause of the Covid-19 pandemic. We can partially agree with that because this new technology works on the microwaves that penetrate human bodies and can cause serious problems. What is true and what is false, experts know better. To summarize, I will say that the world is going to face a new pandemic soon. We have to take precautions until it becomes a global threat, like Covid-19.

By bhaitv

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